Books Published by Faculty

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  • The Theatrical Spectaculum An Anthropological Theory

    Publisher
    Palgrave Macmillan
    Authors
    Tova Gamliel
    Year
    2020
    Abstract

    This book offers a new mythic perspective on the secret of the allure and survival of a current-archaic institution—the Western theatre—in an era of diverse technological media. Central to the theory is the spectaculum—a stage “world” that mirrors a monotheistic cosmic order.

    Tova Gamliel here not only alerts the reader to the possibility of the spectaculum’s existence, but also illuminates its various structural dimensions: the cosmological, ritual, and sociological. Its cosmo-logical meaning is a Judeo-Christian monotheistic consciousness of non-randomness, an exemplary order of the world that the senses perceive. The ritual meaning denotes the centrality of the spectaculum, as the theatre repeatedly reenacts the mythical and paradigmatic event of Biblical revelation. Its social meaning concerns any charismatic social theory that is anchored in the epitomic structure of social sovereignty—stage and audience—that the Western theatre advances in an era characterized by hypermedia.

  • Organization Development and Society: Theory and Practice of Organization Development Consulting

    Publisher
    Routledge
    Authors
    Baruch Shimoni
    Year
    2019
    Abstract

    Organization Development and Society: Theory and Practice of Organization Development Consulting offers a new approach for the practice of organization development (OD). The new approach, a habitus oriented OD (HOOD), sees consultees' thinking and behavior a result of habitus, a cognitive structure developed historically in endless interactions between human behavior and social structures. HOOD has two goals:

    The first goal is to redefine the objectives of individually oriented OD. The focus on habitus and social structure allows individually oriented OD scholars and practitioners to keep their subjective approach, which searches for consultees' inner world. However, this subjectivity searches not only for consultees' psychological but their social dispositions. It views the individual level, the habitus, as a site of social dispositions that from within the individual consultees generate thoughts and behaviors in a way that closely corresponds with the organization's social structure; with power relations and social positions and with accepted metaphors and common language. The HOOD links the concept of habitus to the field of OD and in so doing provides an alternative way to incorporate the individual and the social in OD.

    HOOD's second goal is to re/position OD between organizations and society and thus to produce a consulting practice that is both pragmatic and human. It is pragmatic since incorporation of habitus enables the consultant to liberate consultees' perspectives and behavior from the organization's social and structural hoops and to use these perspectives in processes of change and development. Considering the habitus as central to consulting projects is human since it enables consultants (and consultees) to identify the responsibility for organizational problems (and other phenomena) not only at the level of the individual but also at the level of the organization and the environment outside the organization.

  • מגדר בבסיס: נשים וגברים בשירות הצבאי

    Publisher
    מכון ון-ליר בירושלים והקיבוץ המאוחד
    Authors
    עורכות: אורנה ששון-לוי ועדנה לומסקי-פדר
    Year
    2018
    Abstract

    מדיניות הצבא בישראל ביחס לנשים השתנתה מאוד בשני העשורים האחרונים והיא מאותגרת מכיוונים שונים. בשנת 2017, למשל, שיעור הנשים שהתנדבו לתפקידי לחימה היה הגבוה ביותר מזה שנים, אולם בה בעת פתיחת תפקידים קרביים בפני נשים וביטול ההפרדות המגדריות בקורסים צבאיים מעוררים התנגדות קשה בתוך הצבא ומחוץ לו. המשטר המגדרי של הצבא אינו עוד מבנה אחיד וקוהרנטי כפי שהיה בעבר. זהו שדה דינמי הפועל בהשפעתם של כוחות מנוגדים והוא משליך לא רק על נשים אלא גם על גברים ועל תפיסות של גבריות בצבא.

    לפיכך, ההנחה ביסודו של הספר היא כי הצבא הוא ארגון הטרוגני שיש בו מופעים שונים של שוויון ואי-שוויון מגדרי בזירות שונות והוא מנהל יחסים רבי פנים עם החברה האזרחית. המאמרים באסופה זו אינם מתייחסים עוד לגברים ולנשים כאל קטגוריות חברתיות אחידות, אלא בוחנים את משמעותו של השירות הצבאי עבור קבוצות שונות המשרתות בתפקידים שונים. הם עוסקים במופעים הגלויים והסמויים של אי-השוויון המגדרי בצבא, בוחנים את המפגש בין מגדר, מעמד, אתניות ודת בארגון הצבאי, ומציגים את האפשרות להתמקח עם הארגון הצבאי ואף להתנגד לו.

    השינויים הארגוניים שחלו בצבא הישראלי והפרספקטיבות התיאורטיות שהתרחבו במרוצת הזמן הביאו להתפתחותו של שדה מחקר תוסס ואינטנסיבי שעניינו צבא ומגדר בישראל. ואולם לראשונה בספר זה, נאספים יחד כותבים בולטים בתחום, חוקרות וחוקרים מתחומי ידע שונים – סוציולוגיה, אנתרופולוגיה, מדע המדינה, לימודי מגדר, לימודי תרבות, קולנוע וספרות. האסופה פורשת מגוון רחב של מאמרים המאורגנים סביב ארבעה נושאים הבונים את שערי הספר: זהויות צבאיות; המדיניות המגדרית בצבא; היחסים בין צבא למשפחה; והתנגדות למלחמה ולכיבוש בישראל כיום.

    רשימת הכותבים באסופה: שרית עמרם-כץ, תאיר קרזי-פרסלר, חוה ברונפלד-שטיין, דנה גרוסוירט קחטן, אריקה וייס, יגיל לוי, זאב לרר, רעיה מורג, מיטל עירן-יונה, קרן פרידמן-פלג, מירב פרץ, ניצן רותם, רות אבלין-רווה

  • Women Soldiers and Citizenship in Israel: Gendered Encounters with the State

    Publisher
    New York and London: Routledge
    Authors
    Lomsky-Feder, Edna and Orna Sasson-Levy
    Year
    2018
    Abstract

    Women’s military service in Israel presents a compelling case study to explore the meaning of gendered citizenship. The authors argue that women’s mandatory military service during an active ongoing violent conflict, occurring at a formative age, becomes an initiation process into gendered citizenship, where the women learn their marginal place vis-à-vis the state. Based on over 120 interviews and testimonies with young women from varied social backgrounds, the authors ask: How do young women soldiers manage their expectations vis-à-vis the hyper masculine military institution? How do women experience their gendered citizenship as daily embodied and emotional practices in different military roles? How do women soldiers understand and cope with daily sexual harassment? And finally, how do women cope with the gendered silencing mechanisms of the violence of war and occupation, and what can women soldiers know about this violence when they choose to speak out?   

    The book offers a new conceptualization of citizenship as gendered encounters with the state. These encounters can be analyzed through three interrelated concepts: Multi-level contracts; Contrasting gendered experiences; Dis/acknowledging the military’s (external and internal) violence. Applying these three thought-provoking concepts, the authors depict the intricate, non-deterministic relationships between citizenship, military service and multiple gendered experiences.

  • THE NATION AND THE PROMISE OF FRIENDSHIP: Building Solidarity through Sociability

    Publisher
    Palgrave Macmillan
    Authors
    דני קפלן
    Year
    2018
    Abstract

    When strangers meet in social clubs, watch reality television, or interact on Facebook, they contribute to the social glue of mass society—not because they promote civic engagement or democracy, but because they enact the sacred promise of friendship. Where most theories of nationalism focus on issues of collective identity, Kaplan’s novel framework turns attention to compatriots’ experience of solidarity and how it builds on interpersonal ties and performances of public intimacy. Combining critical analyses of contemporary theories of nationalism, civil society, and politics of friendship with in-depth empirical case studies of social club sociability, Kaplan ultimately shows that strangers-turned-friends acquire symbolic, male-centered meaning and generate feelings of national solidarity.

     “As Danny Kaplan shows in this important book, the centrality of sociability and solidarity to the life of modern nations is a crucial dimension in how nations figure in both politics and public life. Moreover, the ways nations figure in personal life shapes both their power and how nationalists mobilize followers.” Craig Calhoun, London School of Economics
    “A vital contribution for those who believe that nationalism and patriotism grow out of the commitments made in interaction…. Kaplan’s detailed analysis of scenes as diverse as Freemasonry, military friendships, and the show Big Brother demonstrate how friendship is a building block for patriotism and communal affiliation.” Gary Alan Fine, Northwestern University, author of Tiny Publics

  • Aesthetics of Sorrow: The Wailing Culture of Yemenite Jewish Women

    Publisher
    Wayne State University Press
    Authors
    Tova Gamliel
    Year
    2014
    Abstract

    The term "wailing culture" includes an array of women’s behaviors and beliefs following the death of a member of their ethnic group and is typical of Jewish life in Yemeni culture. Central to the practice is wailing itself—a special artistic genre that combines speech with sobbing into moving lyrical poetry that explores the meaning of death and loss. In Aesthetics of Sorrow: The Wailing Culture of Yemenite Jewish Women, Tova Gamliel decodes the cultural and psychological meanings of this practice in an ethnography based on her anthropological research among Yemenite Jewish communities in Israel in 2001–2003.

    Based on participant-observervation in homes of the bereaved and on twenty-four in-depth interviews with wailing women and men, Gamliel illuminates wailing culture level by level: by the circles in which the activity takes place; the special areas of endeavor that belong to women; and the broad social, historical, and religious context that surrounds these inner circles. She discusses the main themes that define the wailing culture (including the historical origins of women’s wailing generally and of Yemenite Jewish wailing in particular), the traits of wailing as an artistic genre, and the wailer as a symbolic type. She also explores the role of wailing in death rituals, as a therapeutic expertise endowed with unique affective mechanisms, as an erotic performance, as a livelihood, and as an indicator of the Jewish exile. In the end, she considers wailing at the intersection of tradition and modernity and examines the study of wailing as a genuine methodological challenge.

    Gamliel brings a sensitive eye to the vanishing practice of wailing, which has been largely unexamined by scholars and may be unfamiliar to many outside of the Middle East. Her interdisciplinary perspective and her focus on a uniquely female immigrant cultural practice will make this study fascinating reading for scholars of anthropology, gender, folklore, psychology, performance, philosophy, and sociology.

  • Feminism, Family, and Identity in Israel: Women's Marital Names

    Authors
    Michal Rom and Orly Benjamin
    Publisher
    Palgrave Macmillan
    Year
    2011
    Abstract
    Women's inner struggle over their marital names reveal how they negotiate a specific identity location in each dimension of identity. This book tackles a complex sociological project of examining three existing theories, and will prove to be important for the study of Gender and Middle Eastern Culture.
  • Exploring Reality and Its Uncertainties

    Authors
    Ernest Krausz
    Publisher
    Sussex Academic Press
    Year
    2010
    Abstract

     

    “This book is an ambitious and impressive project. It examines the concept of reality through the lens of philosophy, sociology and scientific discourse. Ernest Krausz has managed to convey the essence of some complex ideas with elegance and efficiency. The book will appeal to readers who have an interest in science and philosophy and wish to think critically and broadly about the nature and limits of human understanding.” Stephen Miller, Emeritus Professor of Social Research, City University, London

     

     “The human sciences, like all sciences, aim to understand, explain and – where possible – predict. Prof Krausz addresses our attempts to explore social reality – which is both normative and a human construct. Predicting known and unknown unknowns is notoriously difficult. This is a fascinating area and he is a deft and learned guide.” Julius Gould, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, University of Nottingham.

     

  • The Aesthetics of Sorrow: The Wailing culture of Yemenite-Jewish women (Hebrew)

    Publisher
    Yad Ben-Zvi Institute
    Authors
    Tova Gamliel
    Year
    2010
  • New Rituals - Old Societies: Invented Rituals in Contemporary Israel (Judaism and Jewish Life)

    Authors
    Nissan Rubin
    Publisher
    Academic Studies Press
    Year
    2009
    Abstract
    Rituals provide public solutions to some types of life crises. There are crises which beset individuals in modern and post-modern society which are not easily addressed by traditional rituals. However, rites have not disappeared in contemporary society, but have merely changed their guise. New Rituals - Old Societies examines rituals which were invented by individuals and communities in order to celebrate important turning points. In contemporary Israel a process of innovation of new rituals was introduced, either by the adoption of ritual elements from outside sources or by the transformation of existing Jewish symbols through the infusion of new contents originating in secular ideology. The term ''personal definitional rites'' coined here refers to rites carried out by individuals undergoing a change in identity. Structural analysis supplies an additional dimension to this collection of studies.